First Reading: Num. 20:1-21
Moses’ Error at Kadesh 1
Then the children of Israel, the whole congregation, came into the Wilderness of Zin in the first month, and the people stayed in Kadesh; and Miriam died there and was buried there. 2
Now there was no water for the congregation; so they gathered together against Moses and Aaron. 3
And the people contended with Moses and spoke, saying: “If only we had died when our brethren died before the LORD! 4
Why have you brought up the assembly of the LORD into this wilderness, that we and our animals should die here? 5
And why have you made us come up out of Egypt, to bring us to this evil place? It is
not a place of grain or figs or vines or pomegranates; nor is
there any water to drink.” 6
So Moses and Aaron went from the presence of the assembly to the door of the tabernacle of meeting, and they fell on their faces. And the glory of the LORD appeared to them. 7
Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 8
“Take the rod; you and your brother Aaron gather the congregation together. Speak to the rock before their eyes, and it will yield its water; thus you shall bring water for them out of the rock, and give drink to the congregation and their animals.” 9
So Moses took the rod from before the LORD as He commanded him. 10
And Moses and Aaron gathered the assembly together before the rock; and he said to them, “Hear now, you rebels! Must we bring water for you out of this rock?” 11
Then Moses lifted his hand and struck the rock twice with his rod; and water came out abundantly, and the congregation and their animals drank. 12
Then the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron, “Because you did not believe Me, to hallow Me in the eyes of the children of Israel, therefore you shall not bring this assembly into the land which I have given them.” 13
the water of Meribah,[a]
because the children of Israel contended with the LORD, and He was hallowed among them.
Passage Through Edom Refused 14
Now Moses sent messengers from Kadesh to the king of Edom. “Thus says your brother Israel: ‘You know all the hardship that has befallen us, 15
how our fathers went down to Egypt, and we dwelt in Egypt a long time, and the Egyptians afflicted us and our fathers. 16
When we cried out to the LORD, He heard our voice and sent the Angel and brought us up out of Egypt; now here we are in Kadesh, a city on the edge of your border. 17
Please let us pass through your country. We will not pass through fields or vineyards, nor will we drink water from wells; we will go along the King’s Highway; we will not turn aside to the right hand or to the left until we have passed through your territory.’” 18
Then Edom said to him, “You shall not pass through my land,
lest I come out against you with the sword.” 19
So the children of Israel said to him, “We will go by the Highway, and if I or my livestock drink any of your water, then I will pay for it; let me only pass through on foot, nothing more.
Then he said, “You shall not pass through.” So Edom came out against them with many men and with a strong hand. 21
Thus Edom refused to give Israel passage through his territory; so Israel turned away from him.Footnotes:
Numbers 20:13 Literally Contention
Second Reading: Lk. 20:19-44
19 And the chief priests and the scribes that very hour sought to lay hands on Him, but they feared the people[a]—for they knew He had spoken this parable against them.
The Pharisees: Is It Lawful to Pay Taxes to Caesar? 20
So they watched Him,
and sent spies who pretended to be righteous, that they might seize on His words, in order to deliver Him to the power and the authority of the governor. 21
Then they asked Him, saying, “Teacher, we know that You say and teach rightly, and You do not show personal favoritism, but teach the way of God in truth: 22
Is it lawful for us to pay taxes to Caesar or not?” 23
But He perceived their craftiness, and said to them, “Why do you test Me?[b] 24
Show Me a denarius. Whose image and inscription does it have?” They answered and said, “Caesar’s.” 25
And He said to them, “Render therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.” 26
But they could not catch Him in His words in the presence of the people. And they marveled at His answer and kept silent.
The Sadducees: What About the Resurrection? 27
Then some of the Sadducees, who deny that there is a resurrection, came to Him
and asked Him, 28
saying: “Teacher, Moses wrote to us that
if a man’s brother dies, having a wife, and he dies without children, his brother should take his wife and raise up offspring for his brother. 29
Now there were seven brothers. And the first took a wife, and died without children. 30
And the second[c]
took her as wife, and he died childless. 31
Then the third took her, and in like manner the seven also; and they left no children,[d]
and died. 32
Last of all the woman died also. 33
Therefore, in the resurrection, whose wife does she become? For all seven had her as wife.” 34
Jesus answered and said to them, “The sons of this age marry and are given in marriage. 35
But those who are counted worthy to attain that age, and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry nor are given in marriage; 36
nor can they die anymore, for they are equal to the angels and are sons of God, being sons of the resurrection. 37
But even Moses showed in the burning
that the dead are raised, when he called the Lord ‘the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.’[e] 38
For He is not the God of the dead but of the living, for all live to Him.” 39
Then some of the scribes answered and said, “Teacher, You have spoken well.” 40
But after that they dared not question Him anymore.
Jesus: How Can David Call His Descendant Lord? 41
And He said to them, “How can they say that the Christ is the Son of David? 42
Now David himself said in the Book of Psalms: ‘ The LORD said to my Lord, “ Sit at My right hand, 43 Till I make Your enemies Your footstool.”’[f] 44
Therefore David calls Him ‘Lord’
; how is He then his Son?”Footnotes:
Luke 20:19 M-Text reads but they were afraid.
Luke 20:23 NU-Text omits Why do you test Me?
Luke 20:30 NU-Text ends verse 30 here.
Luke 20:31 NU-Text and M-Text read the seven also left no children.
Luke 20:37 Exodus 3:6, 15
Luke 20:43 Psalm 110:1